+7 (831) 431-30-56
About the reserve
- Territory
- Flora


  • Bog blueberry (Vaccinium uliginosum), photo by Bakka

  • Revival of spruce, photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Rough spindle tree (Euonymus verrucosa), photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Birch forest, photo by Korshunov

  • Fir clubmoss (Huperzia selago), photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Lungwort (Lobaria pulmonaria), photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Ugly milk-cap and cep, photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Photo by Gorelovskaya

  • Photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Russula, photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Pinery with green mosses, photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Pinery with green mosses, photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Pine in the Vishenskoye bog, photo by Korshunov

  • Common pine, photo by Korshunov

  • Cotton grass in the swamp, photo by Yazykov

  • Windflower (Pulsatilla patens), photo by Korshunov

  • Liverleaf hepatica (Hepanca nobilis), photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Orange-cap boletuses, photo by Korshunov

  • Lumpy bracket (Polyporus umbellatus), photo by Korshunov

  • Windflower (Pulsatilla patens), photo by Korshunov

  • Spruce forest, photo by Korshunova

  • Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca), photo by Korshunov

  • Cladonia stellaris, photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Raspberry on the sites of forest fires, photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Rein orchis (Neottianthe cucullata), photo by Urbanaviciute

  • Fern, photo by Urbanaviciute

  • The flora of the reserve is very diverse and represents the structure and species composition of ecosystems typical for the Nizhny Novgorod Trans-Volga region.

    The vegetation is mainly represented by pine and small-leaved forests and bogs. The predominance of pine and birch forests is the result of logging, planting of forest crops, and regularly occurring fires.

    Depending on the moisture level, pine forests range from dry lichen forest to wet sphagnum forest.

    Spruce forests cover small areas which are located predominantly in the valley of the Kerzhenets River and are mainly mixed coniferous-broad-leaf ones (with an admixture of linden and oak). Under the spruce canopy there are plants typical for taiga and temperate broad-leaf forests.

    About 30 peat bogs with a total area of about 4 thousand hectares have been preserved in in the wild in the reserve. These are mainly sphagnum transitional and upper bogs.

    By 2019, almost 400 species of mushrooms, more than 200 species of lichens, more than 800 species of algae, more than 200 species of mosses, and more than 650 species of vascular plants had been registered in the reserve, including its protective zone, and in the town of Rustai. In total, there are more than 70 species of plants and mushrooms listed in the Red Books of Russia and Nizhny Novgorod region.

    ...In the phytogeographical zoning system, the territory of the reserve belongs to the Valdai-Onega subprovince of the North-European taiga province of the Eurasian taiga (coniferous forest) region of the Holarctic Dominion and is located on the Valdai-Onega subprovince border with the Central Russian subprovince of the East European province of the European broad-leaf region.

    ...According to the phytogeographical zoning of the Nizhny Novgorod Region, the territory of the reserve is located in the Kerzhenets-Lunda pine and bog subarea of the coniferous forest area.

    ...Sandy soil is dominated by pine forests, which are the root vegetation of the reserve. Pine forests occupy at least 60% of the reserve's area. However, mature pine forests of high age have been preserved only in small fragments in the north-western part of the reserve (quarters 43-46, 73-74 and 100). These forests are mostly included in the water protection zone of the Kerzhenets River, which has allowed them to survive to this day. In the rest of the territory the forests were exposed to intensive logging or were damaged by fires (especially in 1972). Therefore, 90% of the reserve's pine forests are represented by young and middle-aged plantations, and prior to these plantations only by pine crops. As a result of logging and forest fires, most of the pine forests are under by voluntary associations specializing in different stages of forest restoration after logging or fires. The pine forests of the reserve can be divided into three subformations: pine forests, spruce-pine forests, and pine forests with an admixture of broad-leafed species.

    Pine forests are the most widely represented subformation, which is characterized by the greatest phytocenological diversity. It consists of 4 groups of plant associations: lichen pine forests, green moss pine forests, blueberry pine forests, and sphagnum pine forests.

    Spruce-pine forests belong to flat or slightly lowered areas with sod-podzolic sandy loam soil.

    Pine forests with an admixture of broad-leafed species occur on small areas in the northern part of the reserve. They are located on flat, drained plateau areas. Soil is sod-podzolic sandy loam with loam layers. At present, such forests are represented only by young growths, which appeared on the site of felling.

    Spruce forests cover tiny areas of the reserve. More or less sizable areas of spruce forests (10-20 hectares each) are located only in the north-western part of its territory adjacent to the Kerzhenets River (quarters 43-44, 72-74). There are very few undamaged spruce forest areas left, and it is difficult to get a complete idea of the coenotic diversity of the primary spruce forests. Nevertheless, spruce forests are the only original formation of the zone, whereas pine forests and swamps are an interzonal phenomenon. Spruce forests cover flat, low areas of watersheds, which are quite humid, but without stagnation of moisture. Soil is sod-podzolic sandy loam, underlain by loams, and occasionally light loamy. The following groups of plant associations are represented: linden and spruce forests (complex), sorrel spruce forests, green moss spruce forests, blueberry spruce forests, spruce forests near the brook.

    Alder forests consisting of black alder belong to the valleys of forest rivers and streams and cover their swampy areas where there is excessive waterlogging. Sticky alder forest are also located along the periphery of transitional bogs. In general, they cover small areas, but they are a typical interzonal element of the reserve's vegetation cover.

    Birch forests are the second most abundant vegetation after pine forests, which covers about 35% of the reserve's forest area. In the vast majority of cases, birch forests are secondary and have replaced felled or burned down primary forests, mainly pine and partly spruce ones.

    Oak forests are located in small areas in the floodplain of the Kerzhenets River. They belong to the high drained areas of the floodplain and the first terraces above the floodplain with alluvial soil.

    Meadows cover only 0.5% of the reserve's area. They are located in river floodplains and on the site of former settlements. Some of the meadows are used as hayfields by the local residents, while others are currently being intensively overgrown.

    Bogs are the second in distribution and importance of the reserve's vegetation type after forests. They are represented to a greater or lesser extent in the entire territory of the reserve. The bogs are mostly of raised and transition types. Among the raised bogs there are cotton grass peat moss ones, pine subshrub peat moss ones, and pine cotton grass subshrub peat moss ones. There are two types of transitional bogs in the reserve, based on whether or not there is a tree layer. The most widespread in the reserve is the 1st type, which consists of birch pine and birch subshrub sedge peat moss associations. The 2nd type of transitional bogs are subshrub grass peat moss ones and grass peat moss ones. Lowland bogs are grass ones, grass hypnum ones, and sedge hypnum ones.

    ...By 2018, 385 species of mushrooms, 207 species of lichen, 841 species of algae, 218 species of moss, and 651 species of vascular plants had been registered in the reserve, including its protective zone, and in the town of Rustai. In total, there are 68 species of plants and mushrooms listed in the Red Books of Russia and the Nizhny Novgorod region.

    ...A number of rare species listed in the Red Books of Russia and the Nizhny Novgorod region have also been detected in the reserve: there are 14 species of higher vascular plants (Glyceria lithuanica, Carex dioica, Carex pauciflora, Carex chordorrhiza, Carex juncella, Cephalanthera rubra, Corallorhiza trifida, Neottianthe cucullata, Betula humilis, Nymphaea tetragona, Hepatica nobilis, Pedicularis sceptrum-carolinum, Galium triflorum, Potamogeton trichoides), 2 species of moss (Huperzia selago, Lycopodiella inundata), 2 species of fern (Botrychium lunaria, Botrychium multifidum), 10 species of mushrooms and 19 species of lichen. One of the interesting findings is jack pine (Pinus banksiana), which was discovered in plantations.

    Ecocenter and Directorate
    In Nizhniy Novgorod

    603001, Nizhny Novgorod,

    st. Rozhdestvenskaya, d. 23,
    Reserve "Kerzhensky"

    work time: 9: 30-17: 30
    Closed Sat.- Sun.

    (831) 431-30-56, 431-31-91


    Parent Organization –
    Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia

    in the village Rustay

    606491, Nizhny Novgorod region.,

    pos. Rustay GO Bor
    st. Oktyabrskaya, d.17

    in the summer every day 9: 00-17: 00,
    winter 10: 00-15: 00
    Sat-Sun - in advance. applications.

    Scientific Department:
    (83159) 3-92-32
    (83159) 3-92-30
    Environmental education

    The base of protection
    in the village Rustay

    606491, Nizhny Novgorod region.,

    pos. Rustay GO Bor
    st. Yubileinaya, d. 7

    Report emergency:
    +7 930 80 89 271
       (round the clock)

    (83159) 3-91-96